The Business of Theater in Eighteenth-century France and Its Colonies

eBook - 2013
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Cornell University Press

Stagestruck traces the making of a vibrant French theater industry between the reign of Louis XIV and the French Revolution. During this era more than eighty provincial and colonial cities celebrated the inauguration of their first public playhouses. These theaters emerged as the most prominent urban cultural institutions in prerevolutionary France, becoming key sites for the articulation and contestation of social, political, and racial relationships. Combining rich description with nuanced analysis based on extensive archival evidence, Lauren R. Clay illuminates the wide-ranging consequences of theater's spectacular growth for performers, spectators, and authorities in cities throughout France as well as in the empire's most important Atlantic colony, Saint-Domingue.

Clay argues that outside Paris the expansion of theater came about through local initiative, civic engagement, and entrepreneurial investment, rather than through actions or policies undertaken by the royal government and its agents. Reconstructing the business of theatrical production, she brings to light the efforts of a wide array of investors, entrepreneurs, directors, and actors—including women and people of color—who seized the opportunities offered by commercial theater to become important agents of cultural change.

Portraying a vital and increasingly consumer-oriented public sphere beyond the capital, Stagestruck overturns the long-held notion that cultural change flowed from Paris and the royal court to the provinces and colonies. This deeply researched book will appeal to historians of Europe and the Atlantic world, particularly those interested in the social and political impact of the consumer revolution and the forging of national and imperial cultural networks. In addition to theater and literary scholars, it will attract the attention of historians and sociologists who study business, labor history, and the emergence of the modern French state.

Stagestruck traces the making of a vibrant French theater industry between the reign of Louis XIV and the French Revolution.

Book News
Clay (Vanderbilt U.) presents a history of the development of the French theater industry in the late Old Regime prior to the Revolution; a period of enormous expansion, increased cultural influence, and the emergence of theatrical production as both big business and a key urban site for the articulation and contestation of social and political issues. In contrast to previous studies that have focused on royal patronage as the driver of change in the world of French theater, she presents the story as one centrally driven by the wider phenomenon of the commercialization of culture and a particularly rich window into that wider phenomenon because of the public and social setting of theatrical performance. She also situates the issue of the commercialization of theater within broader debates concerning Jürgen Habermas's conception of the bourgeois public sphere. Annotation ©2013 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (

Publisher: Ithaca : Cornell University Press, 2013
ISBN: 9780801468216
Characteristics: 1 online resource (xvi, 334 pages) : illustrations, maps


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