Scrambling, Choice Functions, and Differential MarkingeBook - 2012
In Indefinite Objects, Luis López presents a novel approach to thesyntax-semantics interface using indefinite noun phrases as a database. Traditional approaches mapstructural configurations to semantic interpretations directly; López links configuration to a modeof semantic composition, with the latter yielding the interpretation. The polyvalent behavior ofindefinites has long been explored by linguists who have been interested in their syntax, semantics,and case morphology, and López's contribution can be seen as a synthesis of findings from severaltraditions. He argues, first, that scrambled indefinite objects are composed by means of FunctionApplication preceded by Choice Function while objects in situ are composed by means of Restrict.This difference yields the different interpretive possibilities of indefinite objects. López's morenuanced approach to the syntax-semantics interface turns out to be rich in empiricalconsequences.
Second, he proposes that short scrambling also yields DifferentialMarking, provided that context conditions are fulfilled, while in situ objects remain unmarked.Thus, López contributes to the extensive literature on Differential Object Marking by showing thatsyntactic configuration is a crucial factor. López substantiates this approach with data fromSpanish, Hindi-Urdu, Persian (Farsi), Kiswahili, Romanian, and German.