Science and Eastern Orthodoxy
From the Greek Fathers to the Age of GlobalizationeBook - 2011
Nicolaidis (history, philosophy, and didactics of science and technology; National Hellenic Research Foundation) challenges the image of the Greek Orthodox Church as too mystical to have any connection to science. Among his topics are the Schools of Antioch and Alexandria as two conceptions of the world, political debates become scientific in the era of the Palaiologos, the fall of the empire and the exodus to Italy, the Slavo-Greco-Latin academy and the patriarchate of Jerusalem, and the scientific modernization of an Orthodox state in Greece from independence to the European Union. Annotation ©2012 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
Johns Hopkins University Press
People have pondered conflicts between science and religion since at least the time of Christ. The millennia-long debate is well documented in the literature in the history and philosophy of science and religion in Western civilization.Science and Eastern Orthodoxy is a departure from that vast body of work, providing the first general overview of the relationship between science and Christian Orthodoxy, the official church of the Oriental Roman Empire.
This pioneering study traces a rich history over an impressive span of time, from Saint Basil’sHexameron of the fourth century to the globalization of scientific debates in the twentieth century. Efthymios Nicolaidis argues that conflicts between science and Greek Orthodoxy—when they existed—were not science versus Christianity but rather ecclesiastical debates that traversed the whole of society.
Nicolaidis explains that during the Byzantine period, the Greek fathers of the church and their Byzantine followers wrestled passionately with how to reconcile their religious beliefs with the pagan science of their ancient ancestors. What, they repeatedly asked, should be the church’s official attitude toward secular knowledge? From the rise of the Ottoman Empire in the fifteenth century to its dismantling in the nineteenth century, the patriarchate of Constantinople attempted to control the scientific education of its Christian subjects, an effort complicated by the introduction of European science in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.
Science and Eastern Orthodoxy provides a wealth of new information concerning Orthodoxy and secular knowledge—and the reactions of the Orthodox Church to modern sciences.