EU Integration With North Africa

EU Integration With North Africa

Trade Negotiations and Democracy Deficits in Morocco

eBook - 2009
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I B TAURIS & CO LTD
Trade negotiations and agreements have been increasingly contentious, provoking protest, hardening opposing points of view and widely criticized for favouring rich countries over poor. The Association Agreement between Morocco and the European Union in 1995, part of a regional initiative, the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership (or “Barcelona process”), is no exception. The result of negotiations over three years, the free trade provisions of the agreement seemed unfavourable for Morocco: they largely excluded agriculture, opened the Moroccan market to competition from EU non-agricultural products (Morocco had achieved equivalent access to EU markets decades earlier), and EU funding for Moroccan company upgrading fell far short of expectations. Here Dawson shows how the political systems of Morocco and the European Union led to the EU proposing, and Morocco accepting, such a sub-optimal agreement. Through detailed and rich testimony of key players involved in the negotiations from 1992 till 1995, Dawson argues that Morocco may have achieved a better free trade deal had it been an open and democratic system during the period of negotiations. The closed and elitist nature of the Moroccan negotiation and ratification process meant that the official negotiating position did not account for the full range of interests affected by trade liberalization; nor could the hand of the Moroccan negotiators be strengthened by the threat of ratification failure - the prospect that dissident groups might reject the final agreement in Parliament, in a referendum, or in the streets. The European Union negotiation and ratification process, although open and democratic, was skewed by the lack of significant participation by most member states. Only France, Spain and Italy participated intensively, a situation that ensured the protection of powerful national lobbies (primarily Spanish farmers and fishermen) at the expense of Morocco and of EU economic development objectives for North Africa. The convergence of minimal participation in Morocco and significant but wholly inadequate participation in the European Union led to an agreement favoring narrow European sectoral interests at the expense of the broader vision of the Euro-Mediterranean partnership. An insightful analysis of the negotiation process, ‘EU Integration with North Africa’ elucidates the underpinnings of the global economic order; it will be valuable for those concerned with international relations, globalisation and the EU, especially North Africa.

I B TAURIS
& CO LTD

Trade between the European Union and North Africa has been a contentious issue since the Treaty of Rome. Serious diplomatic attempts to broker a resolution resulted in the Association Agreement between Morocco and the EU in 1995, after protracted negotiations over three years. Here Dawson analyses the process by which a sub-optimal agreement was ratified - unfavourable to Morocco, some member states of the EU and also wider EU economic objectives for North Africa. He draws on a rich vein of testimony from key players to show how democracy deficits in Morocco and excessive pressure group influence in the EU led to skewed negotiations. An insightful analysis of the trade negotiation process, ‘EU Integration with North Africa’ elucidates the underpinnings of the global economic order; it will be valuable for those concerned with international relations, globalisation and the EU, especially North Africa.

Publisher: London ; New York, NY : Tauris Academic Studies ; New York, NY : In the United States of America and in Canada distributed by St Martins Press, 2009
ISBN: 9780857712448
0857712446
9781441628893
1441628894
Characteristics: 1 online resource (214 pages)

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